Army Directive 08-1101

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Army Directive 08-1101 was issued 22 August 2011 under the authority of the Marshal of the Army. It addresses the topic of military courtesies by members of the RMA.

To: All Officers and Enlisted in the Royal Manticoran Army
From: Marshal Robert J. Jackson, ME, Marshal of the Army, RMA
Re: Military Courtesies/ Saluting (Army Directive 08-1101)

Military courtesies are extended to a person or thing that is due recognition and honor. The most basic of military courtesies is the salute. A custom is a traditional social convention. Military rank, as a visible mark of responsibility and leadership, is due recognition and respect. The customary way of recognizing an officer of superior rank is by saluting him or her.

How to Salute

“Long way up, short way down...”

The right arm comes up in a wide arc, extended, out up the right hand side, and the hand opens as it comes up. You stop suddenly with the hand open, rigid, thumb and fingers parallel, hand in alignment with the forearm, palm open and facing outwards. The forefinger is more-or-less in line with the edge of the right eyebrow. You stay like that for the count of "two, three", and then snap your hand down the shortest way, hand closing in the process, back to the position of attention.

A well-executed salute is crisp, quick, and immediate, with both subordinate and senior officer making the movement in a professional gesture of respect and recognition of that respect. Saluting should become a reflex to you.

When to Salute

RMA personnel in uniform are required to salute when they meet and recognize persons entitled (by grade) to a salute. Those entitled to it are all officers of the RMA, the RMN, the RMMC and GSN. It is also customary to salute officers of friendly foreign nations when they are in uniform.

The salute should be given when you can easily recognize that the person is an officer and entitled to it. Usually this is at a distance of not more than 30 and not less than 6 paces, in order that the officer may have time to recognize and return it.

When you execute the salute turn your head so that you observe the officer and look him straight in the eye. The smartness in which you give it indicates the pride you have in your profession. A careless or half-hearted salute is discourteous.

When Not to Salute

The exception is when saluting is inappropriate or impractical - In churches, theatres, or other public places of public assemblage, or in public conveyance. For purposes of this Directive, “public places” includes convention program rooms, but not common areas or when reporting to a superior officer. Salutes are not required to be rendered or returned when either the senior or subordinate or both are in civilian attire.

Reporting Indoors

To report indoors, first remove your headgear and knock or signal at the doorway - if the door is open, request permission to enter. In either case, once you enter the room, advance to a position two paces away from the desk and centered on it. Halt, come to attention, and render the hand salute if the person to whom you are reporting merits a salute. Report by saying, “Sir, Lieutenant Smith reporting as ordered,” or the equivalent. Hold the salute until it is returned. Once you have completed your business, come to attention, salute again, execute an about face once the salute is returned, and then exit the room.

When reporting indoors under arms, the procedure is the same, except that you don’t remove your headgear and you render the salute prescribed for the weapon you are carrying.

When a Soldier reports to an NCO, the procedures are the same, except that the two exchange no salutes.

Reporting Outdoors

When reporting outdoors, you move rapidly toward the senior officer, halt approximately three steps from the officer, salute, and concisely make your report, as you do indoors. When dismissed by the officer, you exchange salutes again. If under arms, you should carry your weapon in the manner prescribed for saluting with that weapon. Salutes are not to be rendered in the field, during tactical situations.

Saluting in Formation

When in formation, don’t salute or return salutes except at the command “Present, arms” given by the person in charge of the formation. The individual in charge salutes and acknowledges salutes on behalf of the entire formation. Commanders of units that are not a part of a larger formation salute officers of higher grade by bringing the unit to attention before saluting. When under battle or simulated battle conditions, you do not call your unit to attention.

Saluting Out of Formation

When an officer approaches a group of individuals not in formation, the first person noticing the officer calls everyone present to attention. All come sharply to attention and salute. If you are in charge of a work detail, but not actively engaged, you salute and you salute and acknowledge salutes for the entire detail.

Forms Of Address

While officers and NCOs will usually address you by your last name, always use their title when addressing them. The following titles are used in the military service:

All general officers are addressed as “General”; lieutenant colonels are addressed as “Colonel”; and both first and second lieutenants as “Lieutenant.”

All chaplains, regardless of grade, are addressed as “Chaplain.” Catholic chaplains may be addressed as “Father.”

Warrant officers are addressed as “Mister.”

NCOs are addressed as “Sergeant” or “Corporal.” Staff Sergeants or above are also addressed as “Sergeant.”

When addressing or greeting a superior officer, address him as “sir”, by rank or by rank and last name. When addressing an officer of equal or lower rank, you may also address him by first name if you have his permission. Warrant Officers may be addressed by the title “Mister” with or without their last name (“Mister Brown”). To address an NCO, use their rank only or rank and last name. Enlisted personnel below NCO may also be addressed simply by the term, “soldier.”

In Honor of the Queen!

Issued by:
Rbt. J Jackson, ME
Marshal of the Army, RMA
The Citadel, Landing

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